Code 55788
PublishDate: Sunday, January 6, 201319:44

133 Children Die a Day in Afghanistan

Therefore, limited access to medical facilities and the absence of knowledge, skills and the ability to effectively manage diarrhoeal diseases usually leads to the death of 133 children per day.

According to available figures, about 73 percent of people in Afghanistan lack access to clean drinking water and 95 percent do not have access to sufficient sanitation. As a result, diarrhoeal diseases are responsible for the death of 48,545 children every year in the country.
 
Lack of access to clean drinking water and sanitation is a chronic problem not only in rural areas, but also in most of the Afghan cities which are developing — unplanned — at a rapid rate.
Even in the Afghan capital, Kabul, barely 25 percent of people, according to some reports, have direct access to potable water.
The overall majority of people in Afghanistan do not have access to running water, they fetch water from open sources such as rivers, springs, streams, ponds and wells. 

It’s not just the water

There is only one health worker per 7,000 Afghans, according to the United National Consolidated Appeal 2012, and one female health worker per 23,000 Afghan females. 

The Consolidated Appeal also reports that the number of teachers in schools remains well below international standards, with one teacher per 101 students, and one female teacher for every 344 female students. 

Therefore, limited access to medical facilities and the absence of knowledge, skills and the ability to effectively manage diarrhoeal diseases usually leads to the death of 133 children per day.

However, experts believe that the informal development of cities, lack of central sewage systems, large levels of migration from rural to urban areas, political and social instabilities, natural disasters, continuous droughts in most parts of the country, and lack of an effective coordination between government institutions and national and international organisations will make it impossible for the government of Afghanistan to reach the MDG in safe drinking water and sanitation by 2020.
(KP)

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