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PublishDate: Saturday, December 4, 2021 15:33

Human Rights Defenders Criticize the Taliban Prime Minister’s Decree

Human rights advocates have criticized the Taliban prime minister's decree for being inadequate.

Afghan Voice Agency (AVA)_Taliban leader Mullah Hibatullah has recently issued a decree on women’s rights. This decree focuses more on the rights of marriage, inheritance, and unsavory traditions. It does not mention the right to work, education, and political participation of women and girls in the new government. It also does not specify the extent to which women will participate and work in the government. This decree, however, has met with various reactions on social media. Some citizens believe that it has nothing new for women because people are aware of these rights and practice them. Women and girls have also criticized the decree in some way, saying that everyone is aware of these rights and that the Taliban must respect their fundamental rights, which are , work, and political participation.

The decree, which focuses more on marriage and the right to inheritance, states that the consent of adult girls during the marriage is a basic condition. The decree emphasizes that no one can force a woman into marriage by force. “ is not a subject but is free humankind and no one can force them to marriage in exchange for peace,” according to the decree.

In another part of the Taliban prime minister’s decree, the right to inheritance is mentioned. It has been mentioned that a woman receives a certain share of her husband’s property, and no one has the right to deny it. It also states that after the death of the husband, whenever the religious fast (four months and ten days or childbirth), the widow cannot be forcibly married to the husband’s brother or another person. Moreover, according to the Taliban leader, people who have multiple wives are obliged to pay them equal pay and must establish justice between their wives.

He instructed the Ministry of Hajj and Religious Affairs to raise awareness through mosques. In the decree, the Ministry of Information and Culture is also obliged to prepare and publish brochures to encourage the observance of women’s rights throughout the country. According to Mullah Hibatullah, this is effective in raising public awareness about the rights that Sharia has set for women.

The decree, however, has provoked mixed reactions on social media. Some citizens do not see the decree as something new and believe that by doing so, the Taliban want to draw the attention of the international community to somehow be recognized. Zakia criticized social media users for saying that the decree was about women’s rights in marriage. According to her, women as human beings also have fundamental rights such as “the right to education, training, work and political and social participation.” Criticizing the decree, she wrote: “In the 21st century, women are given this right! Marriage is certainly a completely personal matter. “Only women have the right to make that decision.”

On the other hand, she did not consider the Taliban’s awareness programs to comply with this decree effective. According to her, such announcements do not work when a family is forced to sell their daughters and children due to poverty. She described the order as “demagogic”, adding that it was “propaganda” and that the Taliban wanted to be recognized by the international community.

The Facebook user wrote that when the Taliban practically do not allow women to work and keep girls’ schools closed, the world is unlikely to recognize their government. “If these are honest, they will win the hearts of the Afghan people,” she said. “Once the people recognize the Taliban and their government, the world will recognize them.”

Tahera, another user, wrote on her page that it would have been “more comprehensive and convincing” if the guidelines had emphasized other issues, including the right to education and employment. She explained that with the fall of the previous government, women were deprived of the right to education, training, and work, and now the Taliban leader should have mentioned this and given women equal rights as men.

On the other hand, some other citizens called the decree a show, adding that women’s rights have not been recognized yet. Rahmatullah Andar, a former spokesman for the former government’s National Security Council, tweeted that the decree had not yet taken into account the fundamental rights of women. He cited freedom of expression and the right of women to education and work as fundamental rights, adding that “in Islam, these are fundamental rights” and without them, other rights would not be guaranteed.

The Taliban has not yet allowed women to work and study. The Taliban has introduced their all-male cabinet members on September 7. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Women’s Affairs has been removed from the list of ministries. However, one of the conditions for the international community to recognize the Taliban is to respect the rights of women and girls. Although the Taliban have made great efforts to be recognized, the international community has not yet recognized their ruling government.


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