UN chief urges action to prevent economic collapse in Afghanistan
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres on Saturday called on the international community to urgently inject some cash into Afghanistan, saying it would be disastrous if the country’s economy collapsed.
Afghan Voice Agency (AVA)_In an interview with Al Jazeera, Guterres said currently “millions and millions of people (are) on the verge of dying because of hunger”.
Should the economy collapse, “it would be a ; it would be lots of people dying and I believe a massive outflow into the neighboring countries with horrible consequences for the stability of those countries, so I think it’s very important to avoid that collapse.
“I’ve been saying that humanitarian aid is essential but at the same time it’s necessary, and of course there are ways to do so even in respect for international law, it’s essential to inject some cash to allow the Afghan economy to breathe and to avoid the kind of collapse that would have devastating consequences,” he said.
Guterres’ statement comes amid a cash flow crisis in Afghanistan. Essentially a dollarized nation under the former government, weekly shipments of stopped the day the Islamic Emirate took over Kabul – on August 15.
Since then, severe weekly limits have been imposed by banks on cash withdrawals for individuals, foreign reserves have been frozen, and the International Monetary Fund and also stopped loans.
Guterres said: “It’s our duty to do everything possible to support the Afghan people and to help create the conditions for those concerns that everybody has about terrorism, about , about inclusivity, to materialize.”
He also stated that the “situation is unpredictable” but added the UN is working with the Islamic Emirate to allow for humanitarian aid to be distributed to the people.
He said that is would be a “disaster if terrorist organizations could operate again from Afghanistan.”
Guterres also noted that it was important for the Islamic Emirate to “understand the importance of an inclusive government that takes into account the diversity of the different groups [in the country]” and to respect basic human rights.
Asked about what he thought went wrong in Afghanistan, said the first problem was the “idea that the Afghan people can be ruled from outside.”
He said the and the former Soviet Union had both tried to do this in the past, but both had failed.
The Afghan people are “very proud and they have lots of problems among themselves but they have even more problems with the idea that they can be dominated from the outside”, he said.
He also said he felt there had been too much “military action and not enough support to building institutions.”
According to him, the former Afghan leaders were divided – singling out the two past elections that had both been contested.
He said the election system adopted for Afghanistan “that was a unitary system was not the most adequate for a country that is so decentralized”.
“The truth is that there was a huge dysfunctionality in the government and we have seen it in relations of the president; and the international community looked at it without any capacity to really allow things to improve and so all these fragilities accumulated and in the end what we had, and we had it in a very that nobody was forecasting.
“I don’t know what’s going to happen; as I said the situation is unpredictable but i think that there is at least a part of the leadership of the Taliban (Islamic Emirate) that would like to have Afghanistan as a country recognized by the international community and would be ready to pay a price for that,” he said.